The village of Shrewton is situated in a valley on Salisbury Plain, twelve miles north of Salisbury and six miles west of Amesbury. It has a population of approximately 1,700 and lies on the old coach road from London to the West through Amesbury and Warminster.
It seem likely that people lived here when Stonehenge, four miles eastwards, was built, around 4,500 years ago. There are many round burial mounds (tumuli) around Shrewton in which Bronze Age people were buried, and a skeleton from one burial is displayed complete in Salisbury Museum.
Saxon people lived here too and their graves have been found in Shrewton near The Hollow. Norman records call the village Winterbourne because of the winter rising of the stream – it usually only flows in wintertime and dries up in summer. However, as there were many winterbourne villages in Wessex, Shrewton soon became known as Winterbourne Shreveton (the Sheriff’s settlement by the winterbourne stream) to distinguish it from the others and because the sheriff of Wiltshire owned the village.
The name changed to Shrewton in late mediaeval times.
The stream – the River Till (or Water Lake to the villagers) – rises near Orcheston and joins the Wylye near Stapleford to the south.
At one time there were at least four tiny settlements that now make up the Parish of Shrewton: Shrewton, Maddington, Rollestone and Homanton.
The parish has four Church of England churches. Rollestone church founded by the Knights Templar on the Amesbury road in the fields is the oldest, but there were probably older churches on the present sites too. Maddington church is now closed and St Mary’s in the High Street is the main Anglican church for Shrewton village. There is also a Methodist Church in the High Street. The Baptist Church is now a private home.
Shrewton now has one public house, The Plume of Feathers, where once it had six!
Wiltshire Community History of Shrewton – A Wiltshire County initiative
British History Online – an extensive article with many references written in 1990